Wildlife of Azerbaijan consists of its
flora and fauna and their natural habitats.
The symbol of Fauna in Azerbaijan is the Karabakh horse which is a
mountain-steppe racing and riding horse which can only be found in
Azerbaijan. It is one of the oldest breeds, with ancestry dating to the
ancient world. The horse was originally developed in the Armenian
Karabakh region in the 5th century and is named after it.
The natural habitat of various types of
animals is very different within the country. Some species populate
special restricted areas (lakes, parts of mountainous areas) while
others are spread throughout the country. For example, passerines can be
found anywhere in the territory of Azerbaijan. Protozoa parasites are
also registered in all areas of the country, depending on natural
habitat of carrier animals (cattle, poultry, etc.). Among mammals,
jeyran gazelles populate plain areas, Caucasian goat inhabits the major
Caucasus areas, most species of birds can be found in forests, some in
water basins. Pest insects occupy different agricultural fields, while
others populate defined biotopes only.
A number of natural preserves have been created and the hunting rules
were brought into effect for protection of fur and hoofed animals in