Music of Azerbaijan includes
various styles that reflect influences from the music of the
Iran,Caucasus and Central Asia. Azerbaijani music is also similar to
Iranian music and Turkish .
The classical music of Azerbaijan is called mugam (more accurately
spelled muğam), and is usually a suite with poetry and instrumental
interludes. The sung poetry sometimes includes tahrir segments, which
use a form of throat singing similar to yodelling. The poetry is
typically about divine love and is most often linked to Sufi Islam.
In contrast to the mugam traditions of
Central Asian countries, Azeri mugam is more free-form and less rigid;
it is often compared to the improvised field of jazz.
UNESCO proclaimed the Azerbaijani mugam tradition a Masterpiece of the
Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on November 7, 2003.
Instruments used in traditional Azeri music include the stringed
instruments tar (skin faced lute), the kamancha (skin faced spike
fiddle), the oud, originally barbat, and the saz (long necked lute); the
reed wind instrument balaban, the frame
drum ghaval, the cylindrical double faced drum naghara (davul), and the
goshe nagara (naqareh) (pair of small kettle drums). Other instruments
include the garmon (small accordion), tutek (whistle flute), daf (frame
drum) and nagara (drum) (barrel drum).
Dances of Azerbaijan
There are a number of Azerbaijani dances (Azerbaijani: Azerbaycan
Reqsleri), these folk dances of the Azerbaijani people are old and
extremely melodious. It is performed at formal celebrations and the
dancers wear festival clothes or Chokha cloaks. It has a very fast
rhythm, so the dancer must have inherent skill.
Azerbaijan’s national dance shows the characteristics of the Azerbaijani
nation. These dances differ from other dances with its quick temp and
optimism. And this talks about nation’s braveness. The national clothes
of Azerbaijan are well preserved within the national dances.